Escudo de la República de Colombia

English

Women continue to work at home and without salary

Care services in Colombian households are on average 13.5 hours of non-remunerated hours a day, with greater load for women.

Bogotá D. C., 30 de junio de 2016Agencia de Noticias UN-

Colombian women continue to contribute more of the work quota at home which is not compensated.

The work grows larger as the personal economic resources are lower.

Taking care of children or the elderly, the working hours at home significantly increase.

People that do housekeeping are relegated to a category of an economically inactive population in the occupational market.

Duque’s master’s thesis received a merit award.

As established by a research project carried out by Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNal) Economic Sciences master’s candidate Carlos Alberto Duque García. Furthermore he also identified the main characteristics of non-compensated housekeeping work and care in Colombia. 

Duque claims that although the purpose of his thesis was not based on gender inequality, it certainly was a phenomenon that stood out when analyzing the data. He discovered that Colombian women –during the study period– carried out 2.4 times more housekeeping chores than men. They perform, on average, 3 hours and 35 minutes more of household tasks than men. 

After visiting dozens of rural and urban households in the Province of Tolima, and as part of the first “Colombian Survey on Time Usage” carried out by the Colombian Administrative Department of Statistics in 2012 and 2013, on 43,000 households (close to 145,000 people), Duque verified this harsh reality. 

On the field he discovered the great differences among the housekeeping responsibilities between men and women. “What drew my attention was that in places with no electricity, women needed to wake up earlier and work up to 10 hours a day preparing food and other housekeeping chores, as not having a stove or a refrigerator they are compelled to carry out additional chores a day.” 

His research project stems from the interest of exploring certain areas of the economy which traditionally are not taken into account, as they focus mainly on merchant areas measured by the GDP. 

People that for instance, take on activities such as children care and do housekeeping are relegated to a category of an economically inactive population in the occupational market, excluding them and marginalizing a large part of this activity. 

Duque’s master’s thesis received a merit award from the judging committee due to the focus novelty and the results obtained.

Type of care 

Duque says that in general the care services carried out in Colombian households represent an important part of the work time which is not economically compensated. On average they are 13.5 hours a day of home care, comprised by 66% for direct care activities and 34% of indirect care. The former are the activities to tend to the basic needs of other people (children care and teaching, keeping an eye on the elderly or sick or inclusively the emotional support of the family); and the latter are general housekeeping activities. 

On working women, when work hours are increased, they devote less time to direct care; and the same thing happens if they are college students or if they live alone. The project also showed that when there is an extra child at home, direct care for women increases to 1 hour 38 minutes, while the projected increase for men is only 31 minutes. 

Regarding the economic condition, households with low incomes have, on average 24 minutes more of housekeeping and non-compensated care than economically better households. However if other variables mentioned above are not controlled, this time can increase to 4 hours 5 minutes.

 

Duque hopes that more people become interested for this scope of research, especially because this year the second “Colombian Survey on Time Usage” will be carried out and will allow comparing the data of 2013 and how gender equality has evolved. 

To read the entire research project go to: www.bdigital.unal.edu.co/51336/1/1110443317.2015.pdf

(Por: Fin/CID/MLA/APBL
)
N.° 30

Otras noticias

William Ariel Sarache Castro, docente de la UNAL Sede Manizales. Fotos: grupo de investigación en Innovación y Desarrollo Tecnológico - UNAL Sede Manizales.

Ciencia & Tecnología

agosto 13 de 2020

Modelo determinaría dónde instalar plantas de biocombustibles

Esta metodología será una guía para tomar decisiones de localización de las...

Los modelos permiten el flujo constante del agua para optimizar su uso y evitar desperdicios en un territorio donde escasea. Foto: grupo Jouktai.

Desarrollo Rural

agosto 13 de 2020

Cultivos aeropónicos mejorarían nutrición en La Guajira

Por medio de un prototipo aeropónico se disminuiría el consumo de agua hasta en...

El programa, originalmente presencial, tuvo que reinventarse a causa de la cuarentena por la pandemia.

Salud

agosto 13 de 2020

“Cuidando a los cuidadores” se crece en las redes sociales

A raíz de la pandemia, la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Nacional de...

La investigación se llevó a cabo en seis fincas de Santa Rosa de Tapias, en Guacarí (Valle del Cauca). Fotos: Carlos Madriñán.

Desarrollo Rural

agosto 13 de 2020

Variedad de cultivos protege biodiversidad de fincas

Los agricultores que tienen variedad vegetal en sus fincas generan más...

Uso correcto y distancia del computador. Foto: presentación doctor Ávila.

Salud

agosto 12 de 2020

Luz natural y menos uso del computador protegen salud ocular

Limitar los tiempos de uso del computador, aplicar la regla 20-20-20 y...

La charla sobre fuerza interior forma parte del ciclo de conferencias organizado por la UNAL Sedes Palmira y Medellín. Fotos: archivo Unimedios.

Salud

agosto 12 de 2020

Universitarios frente al reto de la presión por la pandemia

Los jóvenes y los universitarios son quienes más necesitan recurrir a la...

La arquitectura doméstica de Manizales en los años 50 y 60 se considera como un híbrido entre la tradicional casa cafetera y las nuevas formas de habitar. Fotos: Sebastián Bayona - UNAL Sede Manizales.

Ciudad & Territorio

agosto 12 de 2020

Viviendas de Manizales se transformaron en los años 50 y 60

En esta ciudad la arquitectura doméstica se considera como un híbrido entre la...

El asma tiene una prevalencia muy alta no solo en Colombia, sino en muchos países del mundo. Fotos: archivo Unimedios.

Salud

agosto 12 de 2020

Asma requiere diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno

Ante la presencia de síntomas o crisis de esta enfermedad, poco aceptada por...

Todas las sedes participarán en este encuentro para mostrar sus diferentes procesos. Foto: Flyer evento.

Ciencia & Tecnología

agosto 12 de 2020

UNAL tiende redes de investigación

Durante dos semanas, docentes e investigadores de todas las sedes de la...

Los ácidos grasos omega 3 aportan grandes beneficios para la salud humana y animal. Fotos: Unimedios.

Ciencia & Tecnología

agosto 12 de 2020

Concentrado para mascotas sería enriquecido con codorniz

Después de haber generado huevos enriquecidos nutricionalmente, el grupo de...