Very natural flavored chayote based gummy candy
Instead of using ingredients such as modified starch, pectin based gelatin or powders, UNal-Medellín students are making gummy candy using chayote (also known in Colombia as cidra or guatila) as raw material.Medellín, 05 de noviembre de 2014 — Agencia de Noticias UN–
Chayote has high antioxidant and A, B and C vitamin content as well as other vitamins such as thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid.
Agricultural Engineering undergraduate Jennifer Suárez said that this is a process she came to after performing different tests.
“We tried to use papaya but it didn’t work because the flavor is too strong; we finally chose chayote because of other advantages which among others is that flavors and colors are easily impregnated to the fruit,” she said.
In the process they used mature fruit, food colorants, flavorings and sugar. The process takes approximately one day. The fruit is cut in the form it will be used and later it is impregnated with flavor and finally the colorant and sugar are added.
Fernando Arenas, in charge of the Laboratory of Fruits and Vegetables headed by Professor Carlos Julio Márquez, said they are trying to make gummies using this fruit as vehicle to later incorporate its own flavor, color and aroma.
For the process they cut the fruit into rings and treat them with a procedure known as matrices engineering for adding essences and color in vacuum conditions.
By using syrup with 65% sugar, researchers extract moisture and after around five hours, moisture is reduced to approximately 30%. After this process gummies are placed in a forced conversion oven at 65° C (149 ºF) which slowly evaporates the remaining moisture.
Once the ideal features are obtained they add sugar and the gummies are ready for consumption.
There is great demand for natural gummies and many of them are currently being imported.
According to Arenas, another advantage of chayote is that it is an economical fruit; therefore costs are reduced considerably and extend the potential for agriculture.
Normally gummies are made from pectin (soluble fiber), but in this case researchers have tested pumpkin and have also tried to include other flavors such as orange and mango among others.
Furthermore they are also trying to make coconut and lemon jam from Chayote waste.(Por: Fin/ME/MLA/DMH