Swine feed can be substituted by sugarcane juice
This was the conclusion of a research project which substituted corn energy supplement in swine feed and improved meat flavor; therefore Colombian producers can reduce up to 50% in costs.Bogotá D. C., 18 de noviembre de 2014 — Agencia de Noticias UN-
From this sweet plant they also obtain byproducts such as juice and cachaça, potential sources of energy.
Almost 20% of the swine producers in Colombia import raw materials such as corn and soy meal.
This situation impacts the industry’s profitability because the country has to import approximately 3M tons of corn to tend to an increasing demand; according to a report of the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Figures show that 85% of the corn consumed in Colombia is imported and that 77% ends up in the balanced food industry for animal consumption.
In face of this scenario UNal-Palmira Animal Nutrition Research Group member and Professor Patricia Isabel Sarria began to search for feed alternatives and discovered that juices and other sugarcane byproducts are powerful substitutes for this imported raw material.
Therefore Sarria and her team assessed other nutritional alternatives such as cachaza (supernatant from panela manufacturing comprised of a mixture of juice and coagulated proteins and minerals) and melote (made by concentrating supernatant to about 50% soluble solids) and sugarcane juice to replace corn.
According to Colombian Association of Pig farmers Economic Coordinator Freddy González, despite that close to 80% of Colombian producers purchase domestic balanced foods, the remaining percentage still continues to import de raw materials.
“Since 1988 they have been looking for tropical energy alternatives for pig feed. Considering that sugarcane is a successful crop in our region, we began to assess these alternatives as well as others such as plantain and yucca,” said Sarria.
By means of an agreement with six farms from the Province of Valle del Cauca, the Coffer Growing Area and the Province of Cauca, they carried feeding tests in more than 200 animals to know which was its digestibility and assimilation.
We used pigs over 25 kg. which reached a live weight of 100 kg. We began feeding them 4 liters of sugarcane juice, in the middle of the process we changed to eight liters and ended with 12, supplemented with soy meal and other minerals and vitamins,” she said.
During the process, which took four months they replaced 100% of the corn which some producers typically use as well as dried food.
According to the study, meat flavor was much more pleasant than those fed with corn, in other words, organoleptically sugarcane juice had another favorable point.
Furthermore researchers discovered that weight gain with sugarcane juice was similar with corn consumption, although the feed conversion rate was greater.
“At the end of the experiment we discovered that the sugarcane juice digestibility and assimilation was optimal and they didn’t have issues with toxins which impact these animals,” said Sarria.
For the researchers these results are promising as they benefit swine producers with an alternative for replacing expensive corn imports, which cost per ton is over COL$600,000 (US$279,5)
“Although the price may change, depending on international markets, this research project leaves pig famers an alternative for when corn prices reach unattainable prices”, she concluded.
Read the article in its entirety in Spanish at UN Periódico N. º 183 www.unperiodico.unal.edu.co/dper/article/jugo-de-cana-reemplaza-alimentos-importados-para-cerdos.html(Por: Fin/JCR/GAC/DMH