Escudo de la República de Colombia

English

Sunrays determined the location of Bogotá

The Sun and its rays upon Earth helped determine the Muisca settlements where years later the city of Bogotá and other municipalities would be founded.

Bogotá D. C., 03 de febrero de 2017Agencia de Noticias UN-

Solstices and equinoxes were guides which helped determine the position of Bogotá.

The main plaza of Bogotá (Plaza de Bolívar) has cosmological dimensions linked to the phases of the Sun interpreted by the Muiscas.

The current Plaza de Bolívar was a very important place of the Muisca territory.

The Muisca population was built very close to the eastern hills because the rest of the savannah was surrounded by marshes.

Bacatá or Muquetá was the Chibcha name which the Muiscas called the territory of what today is known as Bogotá.

“In all prehistoric cultures, solstices and equinoxes were linked to planting and harvesting. For the Muiscas, this was implemented by recognizing the geography which formed a profound symbiosis between the settlements, geography, and the skies. This enabled them to infer their idea of habitat,” said Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNal) Professor and Architect Pedro Juan Jaramillo.

For instance, precisely certain sunlight beams that fall on the Plaza de Bolívar were determinant to build the structure of power of the supreme cacique (chieftain) or Zipa who reigned these lands.

Furthermore, the projections of the Sun established the highest points of the eastern hills or those that filtered through the defiles determined the plazas of the municipalities of Facatativá, Funza, Subachoque, and Chía, among others.

An interdisciplinary research project headed by Jaramillo verified that it was Muisca cosmology and not Spanish elite socio-politics interests which helped found these cities, which later turned to be determining to build the first urban centers.

“Cosmology was also used to design the outlines and establish borders, trails and bridges which link to the most significant elements of the geography of Cundinamarca and Boyacá. A peasant legend near the Guatavita lagoon was the reason of the research project. The legend says that a ray from the Sun which passed across the hills of Monserrate and Guadalupe showed the entrance to El Dorado,” said Jaramillo.

Therefore with the purpose of providing academic sustenance to the story, researchers began gathering data on myths, legends and narratives of the chronicles of the New Kingdom of Granada during the conquest. They also analyzed geomorphological aspects of the savannah. Later they examined the solstice and equinox dates for Bogotá and astronomical data for pre-Columbian cultures.

The Power of the Sun

Then they observed and described the interactions between significant geographical aspects such as mountain tops, defiles and the movement of the Sun and the Moon.

They discovered that Monserrate Mountain interrupts the Sun during the summer solstice (between June 21 and 23) and a beam of sunlight is directed exactly to the northeastern corner of the Plaza de Bolivar from the Primatial Cathedral of Bogotá to the southeastern corner of the Plaza to the Archbishops Palace.

Then on the equinoxes (spring on March 21st and autumn on September 21st) the beam of sunlight goes from the northeastern corner to the medial point of the western side of the plaza, exactly in front of the door to Liévano Palace (current office of the Mayor of Bogotá).

If the ends marked by the lights are joined they form an ellipse over the square of the Plaza de Bolívar, proving the importance of this location for the Muiscas.

The governance structure of the Zipa was guided by a line, also marked by the Sun, which central point was in Funza and the extremes were in Facatativá, to the west and the enclosure located on the Plaza de Bolívar, to the east.

“Although center command of the Zipa was Funza, he was compelled to move towards the Plaza de Bolívar during the rainy season,” said Jaramillo.

In fact, the Muisca population was built very close to the eastern hills because the rest of the savannah was surrounded by marshes.

The constant flooding would explain the reason for Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, (the founder of Bogotá) who initially arrived to Funza, to move east and get established on what was called the Plaza of Herbs, known today as Santander Park (Carrera 7ª with Calle 16).

(Por: end/
)
N.° 994

Otras noticias

Las EPS enfrentan un cuello de botella a la hora de hacer los suministros.

Salud

mayo 22 de 2017

Tutelas enfrentan a Minsalud y a proveedores de medicamentos

Aunque en términos absolutos el aumento de tutelas hasta 2016 era del 9 %,...

En el país se consumen unas 400.000 hectáreas de bosque al año.

Medioambiente

mayo 22 de 2017

Colombia, camino a un desierto

Este es el escenario que le espera al país en 120 años si se mantiene la tasa...

La U.N. potencializa las capacidades empresariales de las juntas de acción comunal de Caldas.

Economía & Organizaciones

mayo 22 de 2017

La U.N. fortalece proyectos rentables para las JAC en Caldas

Un convenio entre la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (U.N.) Sede Manizales y...

Mezcladora de concreto.

Economía & Organizaciones

mayo 22 de 2017

Empresarios de la U.N. asesoran en ABC de equipos de construcción

Cowe Machines, empresa del Parque de Innovación Empresarial (PIE) de la...

La metodología permite diseñar la geometría óptima de un implante dental para un paciente en una condición dada.

Ciencia & Tecnología

mayo 22 de 2017

Nuevo camino para el diseño de implantes dentales

Se trata de una metodología que permite diseñar la geometría óptima de un...

Este grupo, creado en 1962, empezó la rumba con un baile tradicional del Pacífico colombiano.

Artes & Culturas

mayo 22 de 2017

FOTOGALERÍA: Danza afrocolombiana se luce en sus 50 años

Jota, polka, abozao y bambazú fueron algunos de los bailes presentados en el...

Todo proceso o actividad genera contaminación y la sumatoria de estos deja un rastro conocido como huella de carbono.

Medioambiente

mayo 22 de 2017

Calculadora mide compensaciones para borrar huella de carbono

Para mitigar la huella de carbono, un habitante de Medellín necesita cultivar...

Colombia y otros países han intentado introducir la nueva vacuna contra el papiloma humano, pero los costos no lo han permitido.

Salud

mayo 22 de 2017

Vacunas a bajo costo siguen siendo un reto para Latinoamérica

Pese a que muchas de las vacunas que existen para controlar enfermedades...

Si no se toman medidas de prevención en Florencia, existe el riesgo de una tragedia similar a la de Mocoa.

Medioambiente

mayo 22 de 2017

En Florencia puede pasar lo mismo que en Mocoa

La relación entre la ciudad y sus aguas –el río Hacha y sus afluentes como las...

Los ríos no se han tenido en cuenta en el crecimiento urbano ni en la creación de espacios públicos en ciudades de la Amazonia.

Ciencia & Tecnología

mayo 21 de 2017

Los peligros de darle la espalda al río, y más en UN Periódico este domingo

Los ríos no se han tenido en cuenta en el crecimiento urbano ni en la creación...