Escudo de la República de Colombia

English

Forest fires increase greenhouse effect gases

Additionally pollution impacts the surrounding fauna such as small mammals, rodents and bird life, modifying the urban landscape.

Bogotá D. C., 04 de febrero de 2016Agencia de Noticias UN-

Using helicopters to transport water helps fight the fires. Photo: Catalina Torres

Pollution impacts the quality of life and health of the inhabitants of the area. Photo: Nicolás Bojacá

UNal Department of Biology Professor Dolors Armenteras. Photo: UNal Archives.

Fires increase carbon emissions towards the atmosphere and greenhouse effect gases. Photo: UNal Archives

UNal Department of Chemical Engineering Professor Luis Carlos Belalcázar. Photo: UNal Archives

After the fire, vegetation decreases it recovery capability. Photo: UNal Archives

According to Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNal) Department of Biology Professor Dolors Armenteras, frequent forest fires now occurring around the city increase carbon emissions, heighten greenhouse effect gases and disturb the air quality.

When biomass burns, the carbon retained by trees rises towards the atmosphere. In this case smoke has reached several areas of the city impacting the health of the inhabitants of the capital city of Colombia.

UNal Department of Chemical Engineering Professor Luis Carlos Belalcázar along with the Air Quality Research Group says the air quality is not only affected by the fires nearby, but also by fires or actions occurred in the eastern plains of Colombia. Pollution travels hundreds of kilometers in just one day and they proved that it increases the mortality and morbidity rates in the city.

Furthermore although it does not include a whole lot of land, these frequent fires lessen the forest areas and they lose their capability to recover.

“The area is also more prone to fires when they harbor non-native tree species which are less resistant. Once the fires are over they must perform a follow-up to become cognizant how much time it will take to recover, how many trees reemerge or if on the contrary the area becomes void of vegetation,” said Armenteras.

These forests are also vitally important for their moisture retention capability. “The more they are preserved; the accumulated water will remain to continue to feed the water streams of the area. With the loss of forests and natural habitat, water streams are more liable to diminish,” she said.

Furthermore the soil loses its properties and is more vulnerable to erosion. Additionally new plant growth is more demanding making the land more prone to landslides.

Animals on their part have to look for new places to live but with loss of their habitat they have less places where to thrive and have to adapt to new conditions and many do not survive the new conditions. “There may be animals in reproductive phase or birds nesting and they are more vulnerable to this situation.

“The inhabitants of Bogotá are proud of our landscape and our green hillsides, but with these fires we are losing them and our mountain view is becoming altered,” she added.

The causes of the fires are varied. They can be due to a combination of high temperatures, climatic conditions and the proximity to urban areas; besides people throw their trash in these areas and inclusively make bonfires. Fires often occur due to human activity.

Furthermore the expert insists on allotting more funds for this type of research so it will be easier to anticipate these forest fires. “We need to know more about our forest to become cognizant how to respond to a fire, how to prevent it and implement better alert systems as well as carry out environmental education campaigns and cleaning brigades with the inhabitants of these areas so they can protect the environment,” she said.

(Por: Fin/VC/MLA/APBL
)
N.° 40

Otras noticias

El curso, de 48 horas, está soportado por un grupo de docentes con amplia experiencia y conocimiento en el área específica de UCI. Fotos: Brandon Pinto - Unimedios.

Educación

agosto 06 de 2020

UNAL lanza curso gratuito sobre cuidado intensivo de pacientes COVID-19

Por primera vez, la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNAL) incursiona en la...

En el conversatorio se habló sobre el estado empresarial del emprendimiento, las ayudas regionales y los aprendizajes de la crisis. Fotos: Conversatorio UNAL Sede Palmira.

Economía & Organizaciones

agosto 06 de 2020

Emprendimiento tiende redes en tiempos de pospandemia

Ante la crisis, las empresas han tenido que empezar a ponerle más atención a su...

El pié diabético es un problema social, económico y de salud pública nacional e internacional secundario a la diabetes mellitus. Fotos: archivo Unimedios.

Salud

agosto 06 de 2020

Pie diabético debe tratarse desde la prevención

El enfoque adecuado de su tratamiento no es el terapéutico –como se ha venido...

El nuevo edificio de aulas de Ciencias tiene formas características que parecen óvalos. Fotos: Brandon Pinto - Unimedios

Ciudad & Territorio

agosto 06 de 2020

Nuevo edificio de aulas de Ciencias de la UNAL, aporte para el país

Esta monumental obra de infraestructura, de 5.500 m2, que incluye dos...

La investigación plantea una fórmula para tomar decisiones bursátiles. Fotos: Valentina Arteaga - UNAL Sede Manizales.

Economía & Organizaciones

agosto 06 de 2020

Fórmula matemática mejoraría eficiencia de robots financieros

La combinación de algoritmos genéticos y redes neurales, además del uso de...

Dando a conocer sus beneficios, creando una ruta de producción y distribución sostenible. Fotos: Unimedios.

Salud

agosto 06 de 2020

Productos a base de guatila, nutritivos y antioxidantes

Galletas bajas en grasa, un smoothie y una infusión, forman parte de la línea...

Para afrontar situaciones de estrés se debe dar una interacción entre los recursos, la red de apoyo y la situación detonante del estrés. Fotos: archivo Unimedios.

Salud

agosto 06 de 2020

Pandemia exige aprender a afrontar el estrés

Los diversos tipos de afrontamiento se centran en las emociones –llorar,...

Educación

agosto 06 de 2020

Comunicado No. 19 de 2020 de la Rectoría

El Consejo Superior Universitario (CSU) de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia,...

Según el autor de la tesis, en Colombia menos del 1 % de las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (mipymes) crecen alguna vez.

Economía & Organizaciones

agosto 06 de 2020

Software incentivaría formalización de mipymes

El programa, basado en la estructura de costos que usan las grandes empresas o...

Más que aumentar el número de doctores en Colombia, se deben contemplar las herramientas y espacios adecuados para su educación. Fotos: Unimedios.

Educación

agosto 05 de 2020

Doctorados deben estar en manos de instituciones idóneas

Pese a que los rectores de universidades públicas habían considerado...